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China first home-grown aircraft carrier may be ready ahead of schedule

China’s first aircraft carrier, bought from Ukraine in 1998, docked at Dalian Port, in Dalian, Liaoning province, September 22, 2012.REUTERS/Stringer

China’s first home-grown aircraft carrier, the Type 001A, is likely to join the navy of the People’s Liberation Army by late next year, earlier than scheduled, analysts said.

The earlier-than-expected start to the carrier’s service marks a key acceleration of China’s effort to build up a blue-water navy to secure the country’s key maritime trade routes and to challenge the US’s dominant position in the Asia-Pacific region, especially in the South China Sea and the East China Sea.

China has one aircraft carrier in operation now — the Liaoning, which went into commission in 2012.

The 300-metre ship was refurbished from the unfinished Soviet carrier Varyag, which China bought from Ukraine in 1998. China’s first home-grown carrier, launched on April 26, and naval experts previously expected the ship would join the Chinese navy only by 2020.

However, two military sources told the South China Morning Post the navy had expected the Type 001A would be delivered to them as early as the end of 2018, or by 2019.

Hu Wenming, general manager of the Type 001A project, told China’s state television that the carrier’s propulsion system, namely the engine part, underwent tests, and the results were all good.

“Steam turbines of [the carrier] will all start to formally enter the mooring test phase, which will be ahead of our schedule in overall progress,” Hu said on state television on Thursday. The testing is a key and necessary step before the carrier is put into service.

China’s first domestically built aircraft carrier seen during its launching ceremony in Dalian, China.Reuters

Early pictures posted on the internet by military enthusiasts showed runway track lines were printed on the deck of the Type 001, while scaffolding outside the control tower was dismantled. These images hinted…

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