To the American agrarian poet and philosopher Wendell Berry, “eating is an agricultural act”. It’s a wonderful sentiment: when you choose what to eat, you’re also investing in how that crop is grown or how that animal is reared and slaughtered.
These sentiments provide the bedrock for the sustainable food movement, with its emphasis on short, transparent supply chains with integrity. In practice, getting behind this type of profound agrarian communion and joining the dots between soil and salad, or farm and fork, seems impossible. Still, the idea gives us something to chew on as the next existential food crisis rolls into town – this time, eggs contaminated with a toxic insecticide, fipronil. This latest scandal serves to illustrate how little control and say we have over our agricultural system.
Surely we can do better than this? When it comes to straightforward supply chain, eggs should be easy and yet the supply chain has been revealed to be fundamentally chaotic. Along the way, the humble egg became a cypher for a globalised food system where the opportunity for spectacular disaster is never far away.
The only silver lining of a food crisis is that, as consumers, we get a little bit more information, albeit disturbing. This one exposes egg production centred in the Netherlands (global leaders in egg exports), where 40,000 to 50,000 birds per farm seem to have been treated by cleaning contractors with a delousing chemical that allegedly contained the offending pesticide. The more densely chickens are packed, the more susceptible they are to lice and fleas, which explains the delousing.
We’re being told not to worry because levels of concentrations of fipronil per egg are not concerning to some toxicologists. But that doesn’t address the cumulative impact of eating many eggs or the fact that affected eggs that could have been in the supply chain for a number of months have made their way into processed products, most obviously cakes and pasta….